GENERAL LESSON PLAN FORMAT
Name: Randi Frehner
Date: February 13, 2010
Length of Lesson:
- Total time: 12 days
- Class Time: about 2 hours spread throughout 2 separate days
Grade Level: 4th
Short Description/Summary: Students will use online resources to gain an understanding of healthy calorie intake and exercise. They will then use this knowledge to make a 3 day food intake and exercise plan. After the 3 days, the class will gather together to share what they found easy and what they struggled with.
Connection to standards:
The students will understand how a healthy diet and exercise can increase the likelihood of physical and mental wellness.
Determine the relation between food intake and activity.
1. Facilitate and Inspire Student Learning and Creativity
- Teachers use their knowledge of subject matter, teaching and learning, and technology to facilitate experiences that advance student learning, creativity, and innovation in both face-to-face and virtual environments. Teachers:
a. promote, support, and model creative and innovative thinking and inventiveness.
b. engage students in exploring real-world issues and solving authentic problems using digital tools and resources.
c. promote student reflection using collaborative tools to reveal and clarify students’ conceptual understanding and thinking, planning, and creative processes.
Objectives: Students will be able to
- Define calories
- Estimate the number of calories needed for growth and body function
- Predict the change in caloric requirements due to participation in activities
- Plan a balanced food intake diet for 3 days
- Reflect on their plan to understand what it takes to live a healthy lifestyle
- Formative assessments will be used throughout the lesson to gain an understanding of how the given assignments are promoting learning. I will use observation, class discussions, and self assessment through comparing the two take home assignments (logs)
- Summative assessments will be used by grading both the assignment and log given to each student. I will be looking to see if students truly understood how to make a healthy calorie and exercise plan, and I will also compare both take home assignments (logs) to understand what changes needed to be made and the individual students progress.
Technology Resources Required:
Other Materials Required (Optional):
- In class computer assignment (follows kidshealth web site)
- Calories used table
- 3 day food and exercise plan worksheet
Background for teachers
- This web site will be used with the calories assignment. On this web site, students go on a hunt to find the answers to the questions asked. Students will also decide what they feel a healthy calorie intake would be for their 3 day plan based off of the information learned on this site.
- This game is used for the students to gain an understanding of what kind of foods are best for them to live a healthy lifestyle. This game helps them to put into perspective food intake along with exercise, so they can then apply this to the 3 day plan.
- Students should know their height and weight before starting their 3 day plan
- Students should have knowledge of numeric order
- Before this lesson, teachers should send home an assignment where students record their food intake and exercise for an entire week before this assignment begins. This will be used to help students understand what things they should change to then prepare them for their 3 day plan.
- How will I get the students’ attention and motivate them? First, I will send home a 7 day log for the students to record their food intake and exercise for each day. Once the students have completed their log, I will use this as an introduction to this lesson. We will begin by adding up their calorie intake for each of the 7 days, and also the length of time used exercising each day. I will then give a small introduction to healthy food, give them a food pyramid, and explain what kinds of servings we need for each category each day.
- How will you activate and develop prior knowledge? Throughout the year we will be talking about healthy lifestyles. By sending home a log of the past 7 days, they will begin to be able to make connections of what they did that was unhealthy, and what they need to do to change that.
- How will you connect this lesson to previous lessons? This lesson will connect to what they have been learning all year about living a healthy life. During our times of discussion, I will bring up points about how we learned that drugs and alcohol can be bad for use, so can unhealthy foods. These unhealthy foods can affect not only our future health, but also our moods day to day. All parts of this discussion link to physical and mental wellness, participating safely in recreational activities, and risk-reducing behaviors to prevent substance abuse.
- Describe the steps you will take to develop the lesson.
- Send home a 7 day log for students to record their food intake and exercise. This log will also include a tally at the end of each day for amount of calories.
- After the 7 days I will begin my lesson plan about calorie intake and exercise, and how the two are linked.
- I will begin by helping my students add up their calorie intake for each of the 7 days, and also the length of time used to exercise each day.
- I will then hand out a food pyramid sheet to each student. After handing this sheet out, I will describe to my students what kinds of foods are in each category, and also how many servings of each category are needed each day. This will help them to understand why we should eat more or less of certain foods, which will be useful later on when developing their 3 day plans
- Next I will hand out their calorie assignment, and explain to my students that we are going to go on an internet hunt. What this means is using the kids health web site http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/calorie.html#, my students will find the answers to the questions on the worksheet. I will let my students break off into groups of two to complete this assignment, and later on, the game.
- After my students have completed the worksheet, they may then move on to the game http://teamnutrition.usda.gov/Resources/game/BlastOff_Game.htm. I will explain to my students that I would like them to try to make connections between the assignment and the game, because we will be having a class discussion about it.
- After completing the game, the class will gather for group discussion. I will ask my students a number of questions such as; from what you saw on the web sites, what is a healthy calorie intake for people their age, why can calories be healthy, why is exercise so important, what kinds of foods are best for us and why. I will also ask them about their 7 day log, and if they feel it was healthy, and things they feel they should change to make their food intake and exercise better.
- Next I will have the students make a 3 day food and exercise plan based off of what they learned and also how they feel they could improve their past 7 days.
- After the 3 day plan is completed, I will have the students bring it back to class, where we will again tally up calories and amount of exercise. Using the calories used table, students may subtract calories depending on what type of exercise was done. I will then have my students individually assess how they feel they did compared to the 7 day log.
- After the students assess individually, I will then have all my students gather together again for a group discussion. We will talk about the areas we did well in, and the areas that perhaps still need improvement. We will also talk about what kinds of changes the students had to make from their routine eating and exercising habits, and if they even perhaps felt healthier they past 3 days. We will also discuss how this relates to previous lessons on health listed above.
- Students are using deep learning in a number of ways.
○ Application- By having discussion in the class about their findings, they are assessing themselves, and they are predicting outcomes.
○ Analysis- they are comparing and contrasting 2 separate homework plans, and using research to figure out what went wrong in their previous plan.
○ Synthesis- the class is creating a new plan for themselves and designing it based off of previous information, they are predicting outcomes of their new 3 day plan and making hypotheses, and collaborating together to figure out the best solution for a healthy lifestyle.
- How will you conclude the activity? After we have discussed what happened over the 3 days, I will then end the lesson by having each student set a healthy goal based off the lesson that they will continue to do throughout the rest of the school year.
- How do I know the students learned?
- Student learning will be assessed by a formative assessment. After doing the online activities, the students will gather together as a class to talk about how the assignment guided learning through
- Understanding what healthy calorie intake is
- Why we need to exercise
- What they can do in their own lives at home and in school to be healthy
- Compare their intake from the past 7 days to what they plan to do for the next 3 days, helping them to realize what needs to change.
- Students will also gather together after they have written and completed their food and exercise plan to discuss what happened over these 3 days.
- Learning will also be assessed by a means of summative assessment. This will be done by grading their in class assignment and the 3 day food and exercise plan
- Checking to see if the answers they found on the web site were correct
- Reading their summary about the online game, to see how they feel the game helped them to understand healthy lifestyles
- Checking to see if they completed their 3 day food and exercise plan, by recording times, type of food they ate (calories), what kind of exercise they did and for how long, and what they think their calorie intake was at the end of each day.
- By having students working in groups for the first part, students will be able to help each other out and also learn from each other, which can be good for disabled students as well as ESL students. For the food and exercise plan, I can give suggestions as to other activities that can be done as far as exercise goes. Some may not be able to play basketball or go on a bike ride, and so other things can be substituted for those students.